Central Finance Exchange Customer Survey: Key Business Objectives and Priorities of leading SAP Central Finance Customers

This past June, TruQua, in collaboration with Magnitude SourceConnect and SAP, hosted the annual SAP Central Finance Exchange event in New York City at SAP Hudson Yards office.

This year’s event brought together 40 Finance and IT professionals representing 11 different companies and provided the opportunity for these individuals to connect, listen, learn, and share experiences, related to their Central Finance deployments and planned innovations.

Leading up to the Central Finance Exchange, SAP conducted a survey to better understand the audience’s current landscape, business priorities, and objectives for Central Finance to help drive the discussions at the event.

SAP Central Finance Exchange Company Profiles
At this year’s event 6 industries were represented, with Consumer Goods/Appliances (33%) representing the largest portion. Organization sizes varied from 0 – 25,000 employees (33%) to more than 100,000 employees (40%).

While most of the attendees were based in the North American region, 89% of those surveyed identified themselves as being a part of global organizations.

All of the projects (100%) are integrating non-SAP systems as part of their initiative, with JD Edwards and Oracle being highlighted as the most prominent non-SAP systems.

Central Finance Business Priorities and Project Goals
Respondents shared their business priorities, which included the key driving factors of Speed & Efficiency (100%), Transparency & Accountability (78%), Operating Costs & Productivity (56%), Strategy & Planning to Execution (30%), Revenue (11%), and Service Level (11%).

As it relates to Central Finance goals, the top performers included Application/System Consolidation (78%) Finance/Business Transformation (78%), Central Finance as a Stepping Stone to S/4HANA (67%), Application/System Consolidation (57%), and Shared Services Process Executions (56%).

In addition, Central Finance business objectives that ranked the highest among the group included Cross-Entity Reporting, Single Source of Truth (100%), Process Standardization (78%) and an Advanced Finance Data Model (100%).

Live and Targeted Solutions
As it relates to SAP Central Finance live and targeted solutions, Intercompany Reconciliation was listed as a planned solution above the rest (78%). Financial/Management Reporting, Business Analytics (33%) was the most popular live solutions. From there Accounts Receivables/Accounts Payable (22%), Real-time Consolidation/Group Close (22%), and Financial Accounting/Entity Close (22%) were evenly distributed.

This year’s Central Finance Exchange proved to be a wonderful opportunity for customers to connect and share challenges, successes, and ideas among their peers. TruQua and Magnitude will be sponsoring the European version of this event this September in Berlin, so we’re looking forward to gaining even more insights!

For the latest information and updates on SAP Central Finance, contact the TruQua team today at info@truqua.com.

New Perspectives Blog Series: Digital Transformation with SAP S/4HANA

Welcome to TruQua’s New Perspectives blog series.  This blog series provides a platform for our consultants to share their perspectives, insights, and experiences on emerging technologies such as SAP HANA and SAP Analytics Cloud. 

Today we are speaking with TruQua Senior Consultant, Trainer, and Speaker, Matt Montes. Matt specializes in digital financial transformation, using the Central Finance deployment option to help customers leverage the financial and controlling components SAP S/4HANA without disrupting their current landscape.



Perspective 1: Looking Back to ECC

JS Irick: Matt, you represent a new generation in that you started your consulting career just before Simple Finance was released, so you are one of the first industry experts who “Grew Up” with S/4HANA. Obviously, you spend a lot of time with previous ERP versions working with Central Finance, as well as needing to communicate effectively with business stakeholders who are in the system day-to-day. There are hundreds of articles about what people with extensive ECC 6.0 think of S/4HANA, but I’d like to flip that on its head. What is your perception of ECC 6.0?

Matt Montes: This is a great question, especially in the context of how my SAP career started. My first implementation as an SAP consultant was actually a BPC Standard (10.0) Financial Consolidation project for one of the largest utility companies in Texas. To provide some context here, this project dealt with 55+ company codes and an enormous amount of master data. As you can imagine, I was in SAP terminology overload and immediately overwhelmed. Insert ECC6.0. Once I gained access to ECC I realized that all the information I needed was at my disposal, and quickly began analyzing and dissecting the Enterprise Structure.

From here I was able to better understand how SAP modeled core FI concepts (Company Code, G/L Account, Version) and tie them back to BPC. This was my lightbulb moment per se, which allowed me to start connecting the dots between the various financial modules and their integration points.

Taking what I learned in FI and figuring out how that tied into the Controlling and Logistics modules allowed me to gain a more holistic understanding of ECC. ECC to me is a revolutionary ERP that can be strategically leveraged to improve financial proficiency throughout an organization. Today’s strategic conversations are hyper-focused on S/4HANA being the next generation ERP, specifically for those organizations looking to undergo a financial transformation and gain the benefits of a relational database, real-time centralized financials, and a unified financial table (ACDOCA). However, I will argue that without the core concepts and modules within ECC, S/4HANA wouldn’t be as profound as it is today. This is bolstered by the fact that when I deliver customer demos of S/4HANA I tend to focus on the Fiori user experience, as this is an added benefit to the core concepts and modules that the customer is already used to in ECC” Ultimately, my perception of ECC is that it is the foundation for what an ERP should be, while simultaneously allowing S/4HANA to build upon that core foundation and deliver additional value.

JS Irick:  I love the positive take.  ECC stands as a true technical accomplishment, weathering major infrastructure, network, architecture and industry changes. It is refreshing to hear someone talk about the benefits of S/4HANA without denigrating the parts of ECC that have aged poorly.

You talk about three key benefits – being on a relational database, real-time centralized financials, and the Universal Journal.  Frankly, all three are critical, can you dive down on one of them a bit more to give our readers some more insights?

Matt Montes: Absolutely. As you are aware, financial reporting in ECC today can be quite convoluted as there are a variety of tables that house actuals data (BSEG, BKPF, COEP, COBK, FAGLFLEXA, etc). This often leads to a BW driven reporting solution with multiple cubes pointed to multiple tables, and data is loaded via batch jobs. The Universal Journal (ACDOCA) is a game-changing concept as it allows enterprises to persist all of their actuals data in one central table, which is a stark contrast to the complexity associated with a BW reporting solution. In addition to housing actuals data in one universal table, the data is also written to ACDOCA in real-time, which eliminates the need for batch jobs and provides the business with quick access to their data. Centralized reporting and real-time data can significantly increase how businesses operate and conduct their financial reporting and analytics.



Perspective 2: Hidden Advantages of SAP S/4HANA

JS Irick: With its strategically limited scope and replication-based architecture, Central Finance implementations are an order of magnitude faster than a full-blown S/4HANA rollout. This means users get into the system on live data fast. Based on the compressed timeline, I would expect the transition to the Universal Journal and Fiori based applications to be even more refreshing. Everyone’s S/4HANA talk track seems the same “single source of truth, profitability on all dimensions, role-based mobile enabled user experience, etc. etc.”. What are some of the S/4HANA advantages in process, UX, reporting or operation that doesn’t get enough press in your opinion? Sell me on S/4, “What nobody mentions, but you’ll love is ______”.

Matt Montes: There are some benefits of S/4HANA that are going to steal the headlines, such as increased performance, coding block simplification, digital core, and unified financials. However, those benefits barely scratch the surface on what makes S/4HANA the ERP of the future. Fiori gets a lot of praise, rightfully so, but the praise usually highlights the tile-based user experience or mobile accessibility. What isn’t as talked about is the innate drill-down functionality and linkage amongst the financial tiles.

For example, within Fiori, a financial analyst can select from a variety of tiles such as display financial balances, display financial line items, manage journal entries, or journal entry analyzer. However, if they were to start with the financial balances tile (summary level data), they can seamlessly drill-down to the line items without having to open another tab or access a different tile. Furthermore, from the line item tile, the end user can now manage journals from a specific document or run a journal entry analyzer report. To me, this adds an enormous amount of value for the financial analyst or accountant who needs quick and easy access to their data. When accessing data via ECC or S/4HANA you are susceptible to multiple sessions and multiple TCODES to access data, and this isn’t efficient nor effective. Everybody talks about “single source of truth”, but doesn’t mention the operational benefits of having an actual, plan, and consolidated data spread across ACDOCA, ACDOCP, and ACDOCU. Think about the reporting landscape today for an ECC environment, which is almost always a batch process populating various BW cubes in which reports are subsequently built off of. In addition to the batch processing causing a delay in real-time reporting, there is also a concern of reconciling the data in ECC vs what was loaded into the BW cubes. The operational benefits of having three core financial tables with actual, plan, and consolidated data persisted in real-time, which can then be queried through Analysis for Office, Fiori, or CDS views is unquantifiable. S/4HANA’s value proposition lies with its ability to integrate a multitude of technologies and software’s into one all-inclusive ERP that meets statutory, management, and internal requirements.

JS Irick: That’s a great way to describe the tangible benefits of the improved user experience. I hear “Role-Based UX” so often, but you’ve really explained what that means in terms of the user experience within discrete processes.

I’m a huge fan of the Launchpad UX in S/4HANA and SAC. Not only for the simplified way to change your shortcuts/tiles, but also the fact that you can introduce key metrics into your Launchpad. A question for you – Have you seen much adoption of the Fiori KPI tiles? To me, they’re one of the 4 pillars of S/4HANA reporting (along with AO, SAC and Fiori Reports), but I don’t see them mentioned very often.

Matt Montes: This is a great point JS, I haven’t seen much adoption of the Fiori KPI tiles; however, I do have some hands-on experience using them. In one of my previous engagements, we leveraged Fiori KPI tiles and SAP Smart Business to create utility-centric tiles. In the utility industry companies have to report two sets of financials, one for GAAP accounting and another to abide by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) standards. Within the FERC reporting requirements are metrics like Rate of Return, Rate Base, Return on Equity, Capital Structure, and Revenue Requirement. Each of these metrics is vital to a utilities regulatory decision-making process, as well as determining the amount of money they can recoup on their infrastructure-based investments (Power Plants, Natural Gas Pipelines, Water Treatment Plants, etc). The Fiori KPI tiles and SAP Smart Business enabled us to create a utility-focused dashboard within Fiori that gave business users a medium to analyze their regulatory data. I think as Fiori continues to evolve, we will start to see a lot more integration of the KPI tiles, specifically as companies work towards building an S/4HANA environment with actual, plan, and consolidated data.



Perspective 3: Upskilling for the Future

JS Irick: In my opinion, your dedication to educating and training our Central Finance customers is crucial to our project success, and one of the reasons your customers are so happy with the final result. Any major technology disruption can be really scary to IT organizations because their day-to-day requirements don’t slow down, even as this major shift in their role is on the horizon. What’s your actionable advice for gearing up for S/4HANA, especially on a tight schedule?

Matt Montes: You bring up a really good point here. Digital transformations or changes in technology can be very demanding on the IT organization. Asking someone to acquire a skillset in new technology while simultaneously maintaining their day-to-day duties can be incredibly cumbersome. My advice would be simple, understand your organizations business processes and financial data model as best you can in order to reduce any uncertainties and close any knowledge gaps. Said more precisely, understand what modules of your ERP are being utilized and what data is associated with those modules. As an SAP consultant, we often analyze business processes, master data, and configuration to gain an understanding of an enterprise. Therefore, IT organizations can also embark on a similar exercise to analyze and digest the business processes, master data, and configuration that make up their organization. This understanding helps to eliminate any uncertainties and close any potential knowledge gaps as the gearing up for S/4HANA occurs. Another approach to gearing up for S/4HANA is to undergo a POC that is designed to address the potential uncertainties or gaps that may exist within the ERP. POC’s can be extremely informative if positioned correctly, and they help to ramp up the end users by giving them hands-on experience prior to the full implementation. A majority of the configuration and master data that exists within ECC will be leveraged and reimplemented in some form or fashion into S/4HANA; therefore, truly understanding the inner workings of your ERP will help to reduce some of the barriers to entry that come with S/4HANA.

Another approach to gear up for S/4HANA is through training or knowledge transfer sessions. At TruQua, we understand that a lot of the changes that come with a digital transformation often produce more questions than answers, so we have developed a repository of training material known as TruCert. The TruCert material can be compiled and constructed to address one technology in detail, or multiple technologies at a high-level. In conclusion, understanding your ERP at a process level, gaining hands-on experience with S/4HANA, and ramping up on your S/4 knowledge are all ways in which the digital transformation to S/4HANA can become less intimidating.

JS Irick: “Truly understanding the inner workings of your ERP will help to reduce some of the barriers to entry that come with S/4HANA” – I think you’ve really hit the nail on the head here. Those who truly understand their current system are indispensable in a Financial Transformation. Can you lay out a couple of areas where customer knowledge is crucial? I know that’s a super broad question, but I’m looking for something along the lines of “Understanding Customer/Vendor enhancements vis-à-vis the move to Business Partner”. 

Matt Montes: Customer Vendor Integration (CVI) to Business Partner is definitely a big component of the transition to S/4HANA; however, for me the most important area of customer knowledge lies in the ability to understand and speak to the cost flow and end-to-end business processes associated with your ERP. It is one thing to understand your ERP at a process level, but even more important is understanding what master data and configuration points are being leveraged throughout those processes. It is critical to not only understand how things are done, but why they are being done as well. For example, a quick analysis of an ERP can uncover the fact that certain costs booked to sending Cost Centers are ultimately settled to a Fixed Asset; however, understanding why those costs are being settled and what configuration is dictating that settlement is exponentially more valuable. To me, this type of skill-set and knowledge can be the difference between a good implementation and a great one.

Matt Montes, thank you for taking the time to speak with me today. S/4HANA and Financial Transformation are such broad topics, with so much content published daily, that it is really refreshing to sit down and speak with an expert about a few key areas. All the best in your upcoming projects and I look forward to speaking with you again.

About our contributors:

JS Irick

JS Irick

Director of Data Science and Artificial Intelligence

JS Irick has the best job in the world; working with a talented team to solve the toughest business challenges.  JS is an internationally recognized speaker on the topics of Machine Learning, SAP Planning, SAP S/4HANA and Software development. As the Director of Data Science and Artificial Intelligence at TruQua, JS has built best practices for SAP implementations in the areas of SAP HANA, SAP S/4HANA reporting, and SAP S/4HANA customization.     

Matt Montes

Matt Montes

SAP Financials Senior Consultant, Trainer, and Speaker

Matt Montes Montes is a Finance and Data-driven professional currently working as an SAP Financials Senior Consultant. He received his education from the University of Texas at Austin with a degree in Finance and a minor in Accounting. His professional experience is comprised of financial analysis, budgeting, consolidation, accounting, and data analytics. Matt Montes has 4 years of financial consulting experience utilizing Central Finance, S/4HANA, ECC, Fiori, and BPC. In addition to 2 full lifecycle implementations, product development, and 6 POC’s, Matt Montes also works as a trainer and content developer. Matt Montes has conducted two internal and external training covering Central Finance, Group Reporting, SAC, and Reporting & Analytics. Additionally, Matt Montes has written and delivered two blogs, a webinar, and a 3-part demo series on Central Finance.

Thank you for reading this installment in our New Perspectives blog series. Stay tuned for our next post where we will be talking to Recruiting Director Stephanie Hettrich on identifying and developing young consulting talent.

For more information on TruQua’s services and offerings, visit us online at www.truqua.com. To be notified of future blog posts and be included on our email list, please complete the form below.


What are Side Panels and how can they be used in SAP Central Finance?

Matt Montes is an SAP Financials Senior Consultant and Trainer at TruQua Enterprises.

Ever wondered what analyzing financial documents in SAP would be like without the laborious need of flipping from screen to screen and logging into multiple systems? Well, now you no longer have to wonder. This is a reality and it is an absolute game changer.

In a previous blog entitled “Central Finance Drill-Back to Source Document via SAP GUI and Fiori”, I introduced using Central Finance as a stepping stone to SAP S/4HANA and discussed the ability to drill-back to a source system document seamlessly. Now with Side Panel functionality, end users can access Central Finance document level visibility in the opposite direction (i.e. see the downstream Central Finance document details from within the originating document in the SAP source system). This is achievable through the use of SAP NetWeaver Business Client and Central Finance Side panels.

Side panels are exactly what they sound like, a side panel being displayed on the side of whatever transaction you are currently accessing. CHIP’s (short for “Collaborative Human Interface Parts”) are the different views being populated throughout the Side Panel that contain a variety of data. Side panels can be leveraged to display financial document information from the Central Finance system while in a source system transaction or vice-versa. Through the use of NetWeaver Business Client (NWBC), Remote Function Calls (RFC), and CHIP’s, FI document information and Central Finance master data can be retrieved and displayed as a side panel.

What do they look like and what information do they display?
At the time of this writing, there are two side panels and thirteen CHIPS that come system delivered with Central Finance. Figure 1 highlights what one of the Central Finance Side Panels looks like when accessing the data from a source system.

Figure 1 – Source System Side Panel

Side Panels can be accessed via the source or Central Finance system, with each CHIP displaying an array of information contingent on the TCODE and system (source or target) that you are accessing (Figure 2). For example, when accessing the FI Document-Header CHIP in the source system, the header information displayed will reflect the information stored in the Central Finance system. However, when accessing the FI Document-Header CHIP in the Central Finance system the information displayed will reflect the header information stored in the source system.

Figure 2 – Source System Side Panel (1)

As you saw in Figure 1, the FI Document side panel is accessing target system information via the CHIP’s listed in Figure 2. By quickly comparing the two document headers one can notice that the source system and target system document numbers are different. Additionally, one can quickly determine if there is any account mapping occurring between source and target by looking at the “Account Mapping” CHIP. Additionally, if Central Payment is active in the target system, the “Clearing Status” CHIP will reflect the status of that document in the target system.

Side Panel Architecture
The architecture for Side Panels can be a bit convoluted when considering the usage of NWBC, RFC’s, security roles, source system(s), and Central Finance. Let’s briefly discuss the two architectural approaches that can be taken when setting up and deploying side panel functionality.

 Figure 3 – One-system Side Panel architecture (2)

  1. One-system architecture in which the application and side panel content is all in one system. In this approach, the NWBC reads directly from the Central Finance system for the GUI transaction, RFC calls, and PFCG security roles. One note of importance is that regardless of the system you access the Side Panels from, they always run on the Central Finance system. Therefore, the RFC’s, which are configured in the Central Finance system, are used to pull data from both the source and target systems.

Figure 4 – Side-by-side Side Panel architecture (2)

2. A side-by-side architecture where the side panel application is running in a role system while the ERP application (Central Finance) is running on another system. In this approach, the NWBC reads from Central Finance and the Role system for the PFCG security roles. The main difference in this scenario is the GUI transactions and subsequent RFC calls are being executed in the role system and reading from the application system, whereas in scenario 1 both the GUI transactions and RFC calls are being executed in the same system.

Master Data and Other Use Cases
When implementing Central Finance, master data and master data mapping are always a huge topic of discussion. As you can see in Figure 5 below, the master data CHIP’s enable the end user to see any mappings between the source and target system for G/L’s, Customer, Vendor, and Cost Center. This is particularly critical when there are master data mappings in place, as the end user does not have to be in the target system to see the mappings. The master data mappings between source and target can be seen in near real-time all through the source system.

Figure 5 –  Master Data CHIP’s

Additionally, the master data displayed via the CHIP’s will appear with a blue hyperlink allowing the end user to drill-down and display the master data record itself (Figure 6).

Figure 6 – Cost Center CHIP’s and Master Data Display

Side Panels can serve multiple purposes outside of document and data comparisons. When posting a document in the source system there is always a risk that the document will error out in Central Finance due to missing configuration or master data. In this instance, Side Panels are intuitive enough to include the Application Interface Framework (AIF) errors in the message area of the Side Panel (Figure 7). Additionally, there is a button in the header CHIP that will take the end user directly to the AIF to reprocess the document.

Figure 7 – AIF Cockpit via Source System Side Panel

As of S/4HANA 1809, the Side Panels can also be leveraged for displaying Sales and Distribution (SD) or Materials Management (MM) documents. By displaying the SD invoice in VF03 or the MM invoice in MIR4, their corresponding FI documents and clearing status in the Central Finance system can be displayed. As mentioned earlier, these Side Panels can also be accessed via the Central Finance system, thereby enabling the various business units to analyze the source system data from within S/4HANA.

The side panel functionality provides immediate value to the end users by linking and displaying source and target documents side by side. The side by side display provides the end user with immediate visibility and transparency into the data without the hassle of flipping screens or logging on to multiple systems. Additionally, the side panels equip the end user with traceability and auditability of the master/transactional data being replicated to Central Finance. In this era of financial transformation, Side Panels are another value-driven functionality that can be leveraged by consultants and end users alike.

For more information on the functionality within Central Finance or an exploratory call on what an implementation would look like within your organization, contact us today at info@truqua.com or simply fill out our form below.


  • https://help.sap.com/viewer/26c2d5e366bc44c1a98f2a9212a0c49d/1809.000/en-US/b999637864ac4dc081b1b40e0be75413.html
  • https://blogs.sap.com/2013/02/25/side-panel-for-sap-business-suite/

SAP Central Finance: 4 myths and 1 truth

Julien Delvat is the SAP S/4HANA Practice Lead at TruQua Enterprises, LLC.

Despite numerous conferences, bootcamps, webcasts, workshops, or blogs on Central Finance, there continues to be a number of common misconceptions still circulating. Let’s take a step back and demystify the most common myths related to Central Finance. 

1 – Myth: Central Finance is only relevant for organizations with multiple source systems 

While it is true that Central Finance brings a lot of value to organizations with multiple SAP and non-SAP ERPs, it also reduces the risk for organizations going through a financial transformation. Several SAP customers are already leveraging Central Finance as a stepping stone to SAP S/4HANA. By starting the project with Finance, companies are able to cut back on the number of decisions needed at one time. Also, running Central Finance in parallel to their existing ERP limits the disruption to operations and significantly lowers the risk that a full ERP migration represents. 

2 – Myth: Central Finance prevents the adoption of SAP S/4HANA 

To the contrary. Central Finance extends upon a full SAP S/4HANA system. As such, Central Finance eases the adoption of SAP S/4HANA with a phased approach. Most organizations implementing Central Finance start with Central Reporting. From there, they can introduce financial shared services like Central Payments, Central Credit Check, or Tax Reporting. Later, Central Finance can serve as a platform for downstream systems like a data warehouse, planning, or consolidation system. Last, when the time is right, the source system can be fully migrated to the SAP S/4HANA platform. [1] 

3 – Myth: Central Finance is an expensive short-term solution 

Every organization tries to avoid or minimize temporary solutions that contribute to “regret costs”. Contrary to traditional data warehousing or custom reporting solutions, Central Finance leverages standard solutions for the load and replication of finance and controlling transactions. In addition, since the platform is based on SAP S/4HANA, all the configuration and migration work that occurs during a Central Finance project would also need to occur during an S/4HANA implementation. 

4 – Myth: Central Finance only works with SAP source systems 

Long-term SAP customers know that the support of non-SAP solutions is limited. This is simply because SAP developers are limited in their ability to work with “third-party” solutions. In the context of Central Finance, the solution lies in staging tables available on the SLT server. 

In addition, the SourceConnect solution by Magnitude offers out-of-the-box integration between the most popular ERP systems and SAP Central Finance. [3] 

                                                                       Third-Party Integration for Central Finance. Source: SAP [2] 

5 – Truth: Central Finance is stable and scalable 

Central Finance is a component of SAP S/4HANA that has been available since release 1610. With 2 major releases under its belt, the component is now very stable, especially considering that more than 250 customers have bought the license, more than 100 projects have started, and about 40 customers are live. 

                                                        Central Finance is part of S/4HANA and relies on SLT. Source: TruQua 

In addition to being part of S/4HANA, Central Finance relies on tried and true components like the SAP Landscape Transformation (SLT) and Application Integration Framework (AIF). All this contributes to an architecture that’s reliable and scalable for all scenarios. 


Like many solutions, SAP Central Finance is complex and evolving rapidly. Don’t hesitate to reach out to our experts to validate your assumptions before starting a proof of concept or implementation project. 


[1] Best-Practice Document – Elements for Designing a Transition Roadmap to SAP S/4HANA 

[2] Third-Party System Interface to Central Finance: Process and Architecture 

[3] Magnitude SourceConnect – Third Party Integration for SAP Central Finance 


For more information about TruQua, fill out the form below and we will contact you soon.


Central Finance Drill-Back to Source Document via SAP GUI and Fiori

By: Matt Montes – Senior Consultant, TruQua


What is Central Finance?

SAP Central Finance is a product and finance focused deployment option of SAP S/4HANA, in which the financial and management accounting data from SAP and non-SAP systems are brought into SAP S/4HANA as a sidecar enterprise management system via a SAP Landscape Transformation (SLT) replication server. Due to the architecture of the solution, a Central Finance deployment is minimally disruptive to current ERP systems while, at the same time, allows enterprises to reap the benefits of SAP S/4HANA. One of those benefits is SAP S/4HANA’s “Universal Journal”, a table (named ACDOCA) where all transactional data including logistical information is stored at the lowest level of detail. The Universal Journal is accessed by reports and processes in real-time thereby reducing the need for batch jobs and reconciliation that are typically encountered in a traditional data warehousing solution. For a high-level illustration of what a typical Central Finance architecture looks like see the diagram below, also feel free to click here for some introductory details on Central Finance.

Central Finance System Architecture

Why is Drilling-Back to the Source System Important?

When discussing Central Finance as an approach to implementing SAP S/4HANA, one of the main discussion points is always around document traceability (especially when sourced from multiple source systems) and the ability to drill-back to the source system. Often is the case where the financial documents coming into Central Finance have a different document number than the source system they came from. At times, this can make document comparisons between source and target confusing and laborious. Fortunately, Central Finance has the ability to drill-back to the source document from within the target system’s user experience through the use of native SAP connectivity (known as a Remote Function Call or “RFC”). Additionally, with the introduction of SAP Fiori 2.0 and SAP S/4HANA 1709 this drill-back can now also be executed within SAP Fiori, the new SAP web-based user experience. This blog will highlight the drill-back functionality in both the traditional SAP graphical user interface (a.k.a. SAP GUI) and SAP Fiori, as well as discuss the potential benefits for the business and end user.

Benefits of Drilling-Back to the Source Document

At a recent event, known as Central Finance Exchange, SAP, TruQua, and Magnitude hosted 22 Central Finance customers from across North America. This event brought together companies from 13 unique industries and provided insight into the Central Finance mindset amongst these organizations. One of the notable data points was the fact that 75% of these customers have more than 5 source systems (click here to see the compiled data). As a financially focused end user, the idea of analyzing documents and data from 5+ systems can seem like a reconciliation and auditing nightmare. In order to articulate the true value of the drill-back functionality, here are 5 benefits of one of Central Finance’s powerful functionalities.

  1. Quickly identify which system the document originated
    • In a landscape with documents coming from multiple company codes and source systems, the document relationship browser and drill-back functionality allows the end user to quickly identify which system a particular document came from
  2. Seamless transition between target and source system
    • By following SAP’s recommendation of setting up the RFC as “current user”, a user with adequate security in the source system can access the source document from the target systems document relationship browser
    • This prevents the need for multiple logins or jumping screens to get from one session to another
  3. Immediate visibility into the document level detail and relationship browser
    • By drilling back to the source document, the end user has immediate access to all of the document level data as well as the header information.
    • Additionally, the end user can now navigate the document relationship browser within the source system to quickly identify if there are any other associated documents (Controlling, Material, COPA, etc.)
  4. Quickly compare different fields and values between source and target system
    • Mapping certain fields (cost center, profit center, business area, etc.) is fairly common when deploying Central Finance; therefore, the end user can leverage the drill-back functionality in order to quickly compare certain fields on the document.
    • For example, if the end user notices that a document in the target system has a cost center of 100000 but when drilling back to the source the cost center is 200000, then they can infer that cost center mapping is occurring
    • This is extremely valuable because the end user can also begin to familiarize themselves with the mapping that is occurring, thus improving their efficiency when analyzing and comparing the data.
  5. Leverage familiar transaction codes and functionality
    • When executing the drill-back to the source system the end user is exposed to the exact same transaction and screen they were just using in the target system; therefore, there is no need to learn how to operate any new functionality.
    • As you will see in a later section, the Fiori drill-back is very similar to the GUI drill-back, and all of the same functionality exists.

Executing the drill-back functionality in the SAP GUI

To execute the drill-back to the source system, start by displaying a financial document (FB03)  or a controlling document (KSB5) in the Central Finance system. Once the document is being displayed go to Environment à Document Environment à Relationship Browser. Once in the Document Relationship Browser you will see several documents and their relationship to the original document entered in FB03 (In this case document 1900040 is being displayed). Notice that each document has a corresponding logical system. The logical system associated with the various documents informs what system the document came from.

Displaying Document Relationship Browser in Source System

document relationship browser

As you can see in the screenshot above, accounting document 1900040 belongs to logical system TS3CLNT110, which is the Central Finance system. Additionally, there are two other documents with a logical system of SI1CLNT800, which is the source system where our RFC connection has been setup. In an instance in which there are multiple source systems setup to replicate to Central Finance the end user can immediately identify the documents origin all within the Central Finance system. By double clicking on either SI1 document the GUI will drill-back to the SI1 system and display that document; thus, granting the user with immediate access to the original document and all of its associated characteristics. Once done viewing the source system documents you can back out by hitting the green arrow and return right back to the target system.

Displaying Accounting document in Source System via drill-back

Displaying Controlling Document in Source System via Drill-Back

Displaying Controlling Document in Source System via Drill-Back

Executing the drill-back in Fiori using the Display Source Document Tile

Sticking with the document discussed earlier in the GUI section of this blog, you can launch the “Manage Journal Entries” tile and fill in the necessary fields to bring up document 1900040.

Manage Journal Entries Tile in Fiori

Manage Journal Entries Tile in Fiori

From here you can click on the “Related Documents” tab and notice that the layout is similar to what was shown previously in the Document Relationship Browser. Once here you can click on any of the source system documents (which can be identified based on the logical system) and then click “Display Source Document”.

Related Documents Tab of the Manage Journal Entries App

Related Documents Tab of the Manage Journal Entries App

Drilling down to Source Document in Fiori

Drilling down to Source Document in Fiori

A pop-up window will be generated, and you can now see the source system document and all of its associated characteristics. Additionally, you can navigate to the document relationship browser as you typically would in the GUI and drill down into the journal entry information by double clicking on any of the line items.

Displaying Source Document in Fiori via Drill-Back

Displaying Source Document in Fiori via Drill-Back

Demonstrating How to Access the Relationship Browser while in Fiori

Demonstrating How to Access the Relationship Browser while in Fiori


In conclusion, drilling back from a Central Finance system to a source system can be achieved through the SAP GUI or SAP Fiori Launchpad. This functionality helps to equip users with visibility and transparency into their financial documents and which system they originated from. The ability to see the source document information in conjunction with the system it came from, all while being able to drill-back into the system with the click of a button, will be invaluable for those enterprises with multiple source systems. One thing to note here is while the idea of “shared services” seems ideal there needs to be controls and security in place to ensure everyone has the proper insight and access to the information they need.

For more information on the functionality within Central Finance or an exploratory call on what an implementation would look like within your organization, contact us today at info@truqua.com or simply fill out our form below!

Insights from the SAP Central Finance Exchange in Chicago

As of May 2018, SAP Central Finance has helped 40 live customers (out of 220 active projects) integrate source systems into S/4HANA. The Central Finance Exchange event hosted by TruQua and Magnitude was the opportunity to take a snapshot of the Central Finance customer base. Twenty-two customers attending the North America Central Finance EXCHANGE event answered the survey revealing surprising insights.

Central Finance Customer Profiles

All industries are represented, with Consumer Goods is leading (24%). Organization sizes vary from 0 – 25,000 employees (25%) to more than 100,000 employees (20%), with 50,000 – 100,000 being the most frequent (35%).

Since the event was hosted in Chicago, the North American attendees are the largest group (20%). Interestingly, 70% of the surveyed see themselves as global organizations.

Central Finance Priorities and Project Goals

Respondents shared their business priorities, mostly aligned around Speed & Efficiency (81%), Transparency & Accountability (81%), Operating Costs & Productivity (57%), and Strategy & Planning to Execution (48%). In that context, Central Finance is a natural choice.

When it comes to the Central Finance projects, the goals are also similar: Finance / Business Transformation (90%), Process Centralization (71%), Stepping Stone to S/4HANA (71%), Application / System Consolidation (57%), and Shared Services Process Executions (48%).

Central Finance Landscapes

Most projects are integrating 5-10 SAP source systems (60%). Almost all projects (91%) also integrate non-SAP systems, especially Oracle, PeopleSoft, Sage, or Navision. The total number of source systems ranges widely between 1 and more than 250. The majority of project data require a high level of data harmonization (53%) and finance transformation (50%).


In conclusion, the Central Finance Exchange event was a great forum for Central Finance customers to share successes and challenges amongst peers. Discussions were very engaged around the need for master data and process standardization and the difficulties of change management. Overall, the group shared and learned a lot and is looking forward to the follow-up breakout working groups on CO-PA, planning, or machine learning.

For the latest information and updates on SAP Central Finance, contact the TruQua team today at info@truqua.com.

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